Artistic Swimming

What is Artistic Swimming?

  • Artistic Swimming was once referred to as ‘water ballet.’ This is because the routines are simply a sequence of athletic movements choreographed to a piece of music. It is similar to staged ballet, except that it is performed in water.
  • It is a hybrid developed from Swimming, dancing, and gymnastics.
  • There are multiple events in Artistic Swimming; Solo, Duet, mixed duet, free team, free combination, and highlight.
  • Artistic Swimming necessitates specialized aquatic skills and tremendous stamina, agility, flexibility, grace, artistry, precise timing, and excellent breath control while upside down underwater.

There are five main categories of synchronized swimming competition


An individual swimmer will synchronize with the music.


A swimmer co-ordinates with their partner and in time to the music.


The swimmer co-ordinates with up to seven other athletes and in time to the music.


A team routine where up to ten swimmers perform in one continuous routine, but there will be segments where different numbers of swimmers will perform during the routine.


A team of 8 to 10 swimmers just like the Combination. A minimum of four acrobatic movement followed by a connected or intertwined action and lastly a float to give a kaleidoscopic effect lasting 2:30 minutes.

How is Artistic Swimming judged?

Routines are graded on a 100-point scale, with points awarded for execution, artistic Impression, and complexity. In squad routines, a group consists of eight athletes for World Championships and FINA events; each missing individual costs the team penalty points. A community may have as few as four competitors and as many as ten (for Free Combination and Highlight).

What are the benefits of synchronized Swimming?

Concentration and Coordination Skills

  • They teach them to train their coordination and concentration skills as they must perform the choreography, count, and pay attention to their teammates to check if they are in sync and working as a team.

Creativity is key

  • For example, if you enjoy dancing, you can make up new dances, pick a song with your coach, design the swimsuit with all different colors and shapes, and create an entire theme from various styles of music each year for your competition. Creativity is an essential aspect of synchronized Swimming.

Full-bodied workout

  • Twists, split, pointing toes and other acrobatics can be incorporated into artistic swimming routines. Since the routine is varied, you are continually isolating and stimulating individual muscles.
  • Since artistic swimmers cannot touch the bottom of the pool for lifts, they must develop their strength on land in order to perform gravity-defying lifts.

Improved Stamina and Endurance

  • Swimmers must execute their drills without hitting the surface, using a mixture of eggbeater and sculling to shift in and out of positions and arm movements.
  • This constant movement increases stamina because athletes participate in a full-body workout during each routine.

Increased Flexibility

  • Gymnasts are the most mobile athletes, followed by synchronized swimmers. Artistic Swimming will help you become more versatile and limber in all facets of the sport, whether on land or water.

Speediswim Artistic Swimming Pathway

Little Mermaid -> Developmental Group -> Competitive Group -> Elite Group